The Department of Science and Technology (DST), a department within the Ministry of Science and Technology in India, has issued a official statement, where it said that 14 new supercomputers will be deployed this year under Rs 4,500 crore-National Supercomputing Mission (NSM).

According to the DST statement, by the end of 2020 14 new super-computing systems would be installed at various national-level research laboratories and academic institutions.

The 1st indigenously assembled supercomputer, called Param Shivay, was installed in IIT-BHU and was inaugurated by the Prime Minister last year in February. Similar systems Param Shakti and Param Brahma were installed at IIT-Kharagpur in March last year. This is equipped with applications from domains like Weather and Climate, Computational Fluid Dynamics, Bioinformatics, and Material science.

Three more supercomputers are planned to be installed by April 2020, one each at IIT-Kanpur, JN Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bengaluru, and IIT-Hyderabad. This will ramp up the supercomputing facility to 6 PF.

Going forward, 11 new systems are likely to be set up in different IITs, NITs, National Labs, and IISERs across India by December this year, which will have many sub-systems manufactured and microprocessors designed in India which will bring in a cumulative capacity of 10.4 petaflops.

Steered jointly by the Ministry of Electronics and IT (MeitY) and DST and implemented by the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC), Pune and the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru, the NSM mission was targeting to establish a network of supercomputers ranging from a few Tera Flops (TF) to Hundreds of Tera Flops (TF) and three systems with greater than or equal to 3 Peta Flops (PF) in academic and research institutions of National importance across the country by 2022.

This network of Supercomputers envisaging a total of 15-20 PF was approved in 2015 and was later revised to a total of 45 PF (45000 TFs), a jump of 6 times more compute power within the same cost and capable of solving large and complex computational problems.

To recall, in August 2018 India's first industrial Artificial Intelligence (AI) supercomputer was housed at CEERI's New Delhi campus. The system is a joint effort from Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute (CEERI) in Delhi and US-based chip-designer NVIDIA Corp.


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