The Indian government is contemplating taking IoT's help to fight the country's intensifying battle against waste management. The Indian subcontinent currently faces major environmental challenges associated with waste generation and inadequate waste collection, transport, treatment and disposal. The current systems in India are not capable of coping with the volumes of waste generated by an increasing urban population, and this impacts on the environment and public health. But, with IoT in waste management, this situation can be significantly reversed.

Reportedly, the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology is currently examining a proposal to use IoT for waste management as part of its Smart City programme. The Ministry is said to have realised that in order for its Smart City programme to become a success, they will need to have a proper functioning waste management system.

How Can IoT Help In Waste Management?

The Internet of Things technology can help cities solve their waste disposal problems by providing the city administration the power to control the amount of waste that is being disposed at regular intervals, thereby avoiding garbage build-up.

IoT in waste management can help in determining the best time in a location for collecting waste and the figure out the best route that the garbage collecting trucks should follow. These two advantages can significantly help in reducing the time it takes in an Indian city today to address the waste build-up issues.

According to tech experts, besides waste management, the Indian government can employ the power of IoT in a number of scenarios to make Indian cities more environment-friendly.

In a statement to New Indian Express, a senior official from the IT ministry revealed that the government has already tried and tested IT sensor-enabled devices in India on pilot mode to monitor the environmental impact on cities, collect details about sewers, garbage, and air quality. The current testing is being done so as to find out about its scope of applicability in smart cities. According to the IT official, the devices can also prove helpful in monitoring rivers, lakes, oceans, and woods.

The presence of an urban IoT can prove to be extremely fruitful in monitoring the quality of the air in crowded public areas. In order to make this possible, the government will have to shell out some money and deploy air quality and pollution sensors across the city. The data collected from the sensors can then be made publicly available to citizens.

The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology will soon discuss using IoT for waste management with Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) as the latter is the nodal agency for smart cities and will have a final say on the matter.

The potential here is huge. Let's see if the government is able to capitalise on IoT to meet the growing waste problems of the nation.

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