For the 1st Time, the Incredible Amazon Rainforest Gets Fiber Broadband Network

Known as the 'Lungs of the Earth' and the world's largest rain forest — Amazon Rainforest — has been equipped with a fiber broadband network. This groundbreaking project was carried out by Nokia in partnership with Global Fiber Peru, and the network is deployed underwater. 

Since Amazon has the world's largest river system and the most biologically diverse place on Earth containing millions of species, most of them still undescribed, the fiber cables used for subaquatic deployment are specially designed to withstand the underwater environment, including pressure, temperature variations, and potential damage from wildlife or natural occurrences.

The deployment of this subaquatic optical, IP, and XGS-PON fiber broadband network is a significant step towards bridging the digital divide in the incredible Amazon region.

The network is set to connect over 400 communities and more than 500,000 users across the heart of the Amazon rainforest, particularly in the three-border region shared by Peru, Colombia, and Brazil. This includes the localities of Iquitos and Santa Rosa de Yaraví in Peru, Leticia in Colombia, and Tabatinga in Brazil, which now have access to ultra-fast, multi-gigabit broadband services.

Dubbed as "Amazon Fiber", the first mega project with a deployment that has more than 1,600 km of subfluvial fiber optics, this initiative is expected to have a profound impact on the social, economic, and educational development of the region, providing high-quality internet access to thousands of people for the first time.

For the 1st Time, Amazon Rainforest Gets Fiber Broadband Network

The deployment of the fiber network underwater in the Amazon Rainforest was a complex process that involved several steps and specialized equipment. Before laying the fiber cables, a detailed survey of the riverbed is conducted to determine the best route and identify any potential obstacles.

The fiber cable is laid on the riverbed using specialized ships or barges equipped with cable-laying gear. The process is carefully monitored to ensure the cable follows the planned route and is laid down smoothly. Once the cable is in place, it may be buried under the riverbed for additional protection or covered with protective materials to prevent damage.

After the cable is laid, it is connected to the network on land, and extensive testing is conducted to ensure the integrity and performance of the connection.

Nokia said that regular maintenance is required to ensure the network remains operational. This can include inspections and repairs if any part of the network is damaged or degraded. Underwater networks are more challenging to access for maintenance and repairs. Any issues that arise require specialized equipment and trained personnel to address them.

Technology Stack

In the case of Nokia's project with Global Fiber Peru, the companies deployed a complete solution that included their 1830 Photonic Service Switch (PSS), 7750 service routers, 7250 interconnect routers, 7210 services access systems (SAS), network service platform (NSP), FX 8 and FX 16 optical line terminals (OLT), fiber optical network terminals (ONTs), and Nokia Beacon 1 devices to ensure a premium Wi-Fi experience within customer premises.

The deployment was made in collaboration with FYCO, a local partner specialized in fiber telecom networks in Latin America. They also provided training, professional services, and maintenance services as part of the project.

This project is a significant achievement as it bridges a considerable digital gap in remote areas previously inaccessible by traditional means. It's a testament to the advancements in technology and the commitment to providing connectivity even in the most challenging environments.

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