How 5G technology will revolutionize agriculture in India

The Indian IT industry is worth over $80 billion and is primed to grow aggressively. Yes, IT technologies are disrupting the Indian industrial space, and the results have been awesome.

5G is one of such leading technologies that stand to redefine the limits of possibilities as we know them. 5G is steadily creeping into the IT space, with breathtaking applications from medicine to even sports.

Take, for example, sports streaming with the advanced connectivity 5G brings. Indian sports enthusiasts will, for example, be able to enjoy unfettered streaming in real-time of their favorite sports fixtures (with exciting betting bonuses on these events on top sites like

But there is even one Indian industry where 5G will have a monumental impact: agriculture!

Digger deeper into agricultural breakthroughs, 5G introduces

When 5G technology combines with IoT (internet of things), farming will be on the receiving end of a massive barrage of evolutions. Notably, farming efficiency will be super improved. You may be asking how?

5G technology will make it more achievable to automate agricultural processes, particularly in farms. Yes, there would be a more avid application of sensors.

5G technology will enhance the introduction of farming technologies like 5G collars. This brings about "connected livestock" where there is real-time monitoring of the performance and behavior of your animals.

When your livestock wears such 5G-connected collars, for instance, these collars rapidly transmit collected data on your livestock's feeding and sleeping to know how healthy they are and identify disorders. Such data could be passed on to a vet or a nutritionist to improve the health of your livestock.

Would you be shocked to learn that Vodafone has achieved pacesetting achievements of equipping the tails of female cows with 5G-enabled sensors? These sensors played a vital role in cooling these cows when their temperatures bump up due to pregnancy (by swishing their tails).

Such sensors can pass valuable information on significant behavioral shifts (or variations in activity levels) and temperature changes in livestock. Artificial intelligence would then analyze such data to anticipate when labor will happen. This way, the veterinarian and the farmer are better prepared to work out a befitting birthing schedule for the pregnant animal.

With an anticipated population burst of 9 billion people by 2050 on our dear planet earth, food production has to increase by 60% to avert cases of acute hunger. 5G technology will, therefore, introduce much-needed efficiency and automation to boost food production and sustainability.

A front-thinking 5G RuralFirst project -- back in 2017-- made history by being the first autonomous program to seed and harvest crops entirely without human intervention.

How was this one is miracle performed?

Autonomous tractors were deployed to sow these seeds. Next, drones came in, aptly monitoring these growing crops and collecting data on them. Also, smaller machines found used in collecting samples for analysis to decipher the befitting pesticides and fertilizers to apply to these crops and at what locations. All these were done without a human stepping foot on the farm!

According to Jonathan Gill, a researcher at Harper Adams University, this innovation "will help not only sustain farming, but also make it easier and less demanding for those doing it. "

This means in the future, human input in farming will greatly diminish with the increased penetration of 5G technology. We would have connected machines, planting, tending, and harvesting farms on our behalf while we majestically relax on our couches, watching NetFlix with chilled beer. Isn't life beautiful?

What are the current constraints limiting 5G?

One of the major challenges of implementing 5G wireless technology is the intimidating cost. 5G networks are damn expensive to build. By 2023, it is expected that global expenditure on total 5G technology would touch a whopping $88 billion!

Network carriers are struggling to raise capital, which means the cost would eventually be transferred to the end customer. Therefore, until further refinement in fifth-generation wireless technology infrastructure, it will be very costly to use. This is similar to the increased costs we saw for LTE plans.

5G networks will also be challenging to deploy. Agreed, these networks will delight us with increased bandwidth and speed, but sadly, 5G networks have very limited ranges. Beamforming (which is a process of aiming higher frequency waves) is not easy to extend over long distances.

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