The US Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee has unveiled the world’s most powerful supercomputer Friday. Called as ‘Summit’, the supercomputer has peak computing power of 200 petaflops, or 200 million billion calculations a second. That makes it a million times faster than your typical laptop.
With this, the US’ Summit has now beaten the previous record holder i.e China’s Sunway TaihuLight, which has a 93 petaflop capacity that means Summit is 60 percent faster than China’s Sunway. Summit is also about seven times faster than Titan, the previous US record holder which is housed at the same Oak Ridge National Lab in Tennessee.
In one of perspectives, you can guess how powerful the Summit is that, in just one hour, Summit can solve a problem that would take a desktop computer 30 years to solve.
Moreover, this achievement has put the US at the front of the top 500 supercomputers in the world — the first time it has held such ranking since June 2013.
Powered by six Nvidia Tesla V100 GPUs and two 22-core IBM Power 9 chips, Summit has been in development for several years now and is made up of thousands of chips. With whopping 4,608 servers, Summit is also quite a big in size so much so that it take up the size of two tennis courts and weigh more than a large commercial aircraft.
Cooling Summit takes 4,000 gallons of water a minute and Summit uses enough power to run 8,100 homes.
Additionally, Summit has Artificial Intelligence (AI) capabilities making it the first supercomputer designed from the ground up to handle machine learning, neural networks, and other AI applications. Its many thousands of AI-optimized chips from Nvidia and IBM can handle demanding tasks, such as crunching through mountains of reports and medical images to help unearth hidden causes of disease.
Researchers and government officials will use Summit to carry out a variety of tasks tied to machine learning, neural networks and artificial intelligence.
For example, it can analyze massive amounts of data, such as medical reports and images, to identify previously unknown causes of disease, according to MIT Technology Review.
Supercomputer in India
In February 2013, Pune based Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) unveiled India’s fastest supercomputer till date called – ‘Param Yuva II‘, which was ranked as 62nd fastest in the world. The supercomputer was 8th among Param series of supercomputers in India first developed in 1991.
As of June 2017, India has 4 supercomputer systems on the TOP500 list ranking.
As of February 2013, India has 9 systems including Param Yuva II and the country ranked 8th in the world by number of super-computing systems deployed.
Via – Engadget